Floral cottage garden focused on butterfly and hummingbird attraction(rose used for 'flair') fifteen months after installation, 2008, San Carlos neighborhood. Rose over arbor is ‘Climbing Cecile Brunner’. Yellow-flowered grey-leaved larger plants on left are Yarrow/Achillea ‘Moonshine’. Smaller yellow button flowered plants on left nearby Yarrow, are Chrysocephalum apiculatum(superb ‘constant’ color performer for this style). Purple flowered plants next to it are Salvia nemarosa ‘east friesland’. Plants around birdbath are Salvia greggii ‘variegated’. Red flowered plants in right foreground and middle background behind bench are Lobelia laxiflora. Drip emitters on blank 1/2" tubing is the primary watering method, with occasional supplemental hand watering.
Floral cottage garden, 2008, La Mesa, three months after planting. Composed of herbaceous perennials and annuals, including Lavender, Yarrow, Daisies, Chrysanthemums, Pelargoniums, Geraniums, Plectranthus, Catharanthus, Penstemon, Alyssum, Nasturtiums, Lobelia, Kangaroo Paw, annual Morning Glory, Salvia 'Hot Lips', and more. Irrigation is by adjustable micro-sprays inserted into blank 1/2" tubing which is attached to the 'wavy' fence top by plastic loop fasteners.
Busy verdant floral woodland, as per client preference, 6 months after installation, 2008, Pt. Loma. Fern on left is Woodwardia fimbriata, small ferns in foreground are Blechnum occidentale, taller silvery ferns are Polypodium aureum, smaller bluer silvery ferns are Polypodium aureum ‘Blue Crisp’ (grows about half the size of standard ‘aureum’), variegated 'Firecracker' Fuchsia in foreground, and elsewhere, non-variegated Fuchsia to the left is ‘Gartenmeister’, some volunteer perennial viola and annual blue lobelia by foreground wall edges, baby tears is the main groundcover, Jasminum polyanthum vine on right, pink impatiens right center, white impatiens with pinkdotflowercenter left center, blue Hydrangea in right background, Malvaviscus arboreus behind Hydrangea. Pre-existing trees: Orange in foreground, Persimmon on right, edible Fig behind Malvaviscus, Magnolia grandiflora in background center, Pyrus kawakamii on left. Irrigation is by both Rainbird spray knozzles on risers, popups, and stationary non-adjustable micro sprays on blank 1/2" tubing, raised by 1/4" stiff tubing.
Somewhat wild, rustic orchard, Winter 2008, Pt. Loma, 15+ years after installation. Nasturtiums inward from sidewalk. Pineapple Guava right center, Cherimoyas behind it, yellow Strawberry Guava at left, Loquat behind it, Guadalupe Palm left center. The stylistic idea for the planting of this yard was, in part, inspired by the perspectives of Masanobu Fukuoka, conveyed in his book 'One Straw Revolution', and, to a lesser degree, a Seed Savers Exchange book by John Jeavons.
Same place as photo 5, Summer 2008, Pt. Loma, 15+ years after installation. Wild Algerian Ivy on left and far right. Pineapple Guava right center, Cherimoyas behind it, yellow Strawberry Guavas at left, Loquat behind it, Guadalupe Palm left center. Perennial Alfalfa in front of PG and in parking strip. The low spreading groundcover in the parking strip is a long lived aromatic perennial that dies back in Winter and grows back from the root crown in Spring, and, grows through Summer with no irrigation in typical dryish built areas, such as neighborhoods. It's a volunteer 'weed', and appears to be Chenopodium multifidum, native to mid latitudes of South America, but not an annual(the references are mixed on that designation, though it's clearly a winter dormant perennial in this yard). Watering in the Orchard for the fruit trees is/was by hose on the ground, on occasion if at all, and where done, no more than five times per year max. Some of the plants mostly or entirely tap into groundwater due to the availability at this location, and then rain during winter. (volunteer Robinia trees on property to right)
Whimsical cottage gardens(herbaceous perennials and annuals), Pt. Loma, photos at right are at planting time / installation, March 2007, photo at left is about 21 months later, January 2009. Groundcover in front and throughout of left photo is white Bacopa, with some lavender Nemesia, pink Stocks, purple and pink Cyclamen, Penstemon not in bloom, white Snapdragon, assorted foliage of bulbs, Fuchsia Gartenmeister on left. Bidens(yellow flower) in distance along with Chrysocephalum apiculatum - greyish cluster with smaller and fewer yellow blooms, left side of Bidens in top left photo. Right photos also include Digitalis-foxglove, pink Armeria maritima(SeaPinks), red and white Armeria varieties in back, yellow Yarrow 'Moonshine' in middle, Salvia nemarosa at back corners, and a yellow daisy at front corners that isn't Bidens, - Bidens was put in later as a replacement. Lawn is Marathon 2. Irrigation is by sprays on risers.
Dymondia margaretae groundcover growing between marble squares which were already present, January 2009, Mt. Soledad. Installed August 2008. Drip irrigation tubing under Dymondia sod is Netafim brand, techline cv 0.6gpm @ 12" emitter spacing.
Pt. Loma, photo early 2009, after major renovation in Fall 2006, using as much of the pre-existing plants as stylistically acceptable to keep costs on the low side. Lawn and existing irrigation were already present, and remained as is. Of the other plants, the Agapanthus, a red Azalea, and a white Azalea - all on the far side - plus Boxwood hedge along property line - right side of photo - were already present, and the bromeliads were pre-existing from the backyard. Prior to renovation there were a couple of messy old trees and a messy assortment of other plants. This renovation design is basically a relatively simple, color, structure, and 'ease of growing' 'cohesive collaboration' which was founded upon keeping with the Azaleas and numerous Agapanthus already present(again, both initially only present on the far side).
Renovated with Dymondia groundcover(silvery green), red Azaleas(Red Bird), white Azaleas(Alaska), division and redistribution of some of the Agapanthus from the far side put in the near side, Senecio mandraliscae(blue-grey succulent-iceplant) surrounding the Neoregelia(Bromeliads, pre-existing from backyard) in the lava rock beds up front, Aechmea bromeliads - pre-exisiting from backyard - at foundation at right, and two Lophostemon confertus trees(aka: Tristania, desired for evergreenness, ease of growing, and reasonably fitting the landscape aesthetic). The Azaleas are planted directly into the native ground, no amending, just a bit of compost mulch on top to begin with; the soil is readily diggable and well drained. Landscape fabric below the lava rock(front planters). I also did the brick work. Water distribution to the lava rock planters is relatively minimal, and thus the reason for doing it that way - with the 'dryish tolerant' Senecio and Neoregelia. The Senecio 'connects' with the Dymondia, the Neoregelia 'connects' with the lava rock and the red Azaleas, and, of course, red and silver-grey go well together. The Lophostemon 'connects' with all, due to the reddish bark and basic green leaves tending to the light side of green. All together, simple and within budget. Irrigation by sprays, on risers, and rotors on risers, already existing.
Rolando neighborhood yard, three years after installation; purpose is low maintenance, simple, and fairly water-wise over the long term and some flowering year-round; flagstones for pathway and to give some 'slack' to the groundcover for walking on; groundcover is Dymondia, which gives a unique lawn effect with occasional tiny yellow flowers and needs no mowing, staying about an inch or two in height depending on watering frequency and quantity, and is moderately walkable without damage after some establishment within months; purple, pink, and yellow Arctotis in middle island; Geijera trees and two boulders(Palm Springs Gold) in middle island; Lavatera maritima at right(which is next to the front door, just out of picture to right), and Rhaphiolepis 'Harbinger of Spring' and Pittosporum tobira 'variegata' at foundation of house. Bougainvillea 'Torch Glow' at base of fence at left. Flagstone is 'Regular Tan'. Boulders and light-beige 1/8" crushed rock(California Gold) from KRC Rock in Lakeside.
Irrigation is with Hunter MP Rotator nozzles, - rotary multi-stream multi-trajectory nozzles -, which are the lowest precipitation-rate sprinkler nozzles available, which apply water more slowly and also more uniformly than conventional sprays. And, even though the precipitation rate of the rotator nozzles is 4 times less than (or in other words, 1/4 that of...) standard spray nozzles, it has been found to make the necessary run-time increase for equivalent distribution to be close to '3-times', instead of '4-times', that of standard spray nozzles, due to: 1. the larger streams of water(which are rotating) with negligible misting, at least compared to sprays and other rotors, and hence greatly reducing evaporation and fly-away loss during application compared to standard sprays and rotors of equal radius (though yes, there is the longer run time,.. so, evaporation equivalents would have to be figured to give the fullest true comparison,... but anyway) 2. slower precipitation rate which can make for a more uniform absorption of the water into the soil, and 3. Potentially more consistent uniformity of water distribution(higher distribution uniformity) than sprays, given a same number of heads/nozzles used in a zone. The irrigation controller used is a Hunter Smart Irrigation Controller, with six stations. Smart Controllers use sensors and transmitted weather information to automatically manage watering run times to help insure most efficient water use in a given landscape. Also, the Smart Controller cancels the ability of the valves to turn on during rainy weather.
Photo below, other angle:
Closeup of flagstone 'patio', with the Dymondia growing within:
Torch Glow Bougainvillea at left, red flowers. Dymondia main groundcover.
Foreground 'island': White flowered Gaura. Yellow flowered Calylophus, spot clumps. Yellow flowered Arctotis, main island cover. Young Geijera parviflora trees.
Yard which was previously mostly with turf grass lawn. The owner applied to and was accepted by the San Diego County Water Authority Turf Replacement Program(open to all) for cost reimbursements for new materials(plants, irrigation, mulch,...) and design fees in changing the lawn area over to lower water use plants and lower-flow more-specific irrigation, for a $1.50 per square foot of replaced turf area (up to 2000' square feet, = potential reimbursement up to $3000, if you have 2000sq. ft. of turf that you replace in accordance with the rules). In this case there was a little over a 1000 square feet of turf space that was converted, and so a little over $1,500 was reimbursed to the owner from the SDCWA. The rules include that groundcover plants and shrubs(not trees, though trees can be used in the landscape) will grow to covering at least 50% of the previously turfed area within two years of installation(again, at least 50% coverage being done by groundcovers and/or shrubs(shrubs typically meaning very low branching and under 8 feet mature height, in contrast to trees). Also, it is typically expected that the plant choices made will reduce the amount of water used by at least 50% compared to the amount used when the previous turf was present. 2013, Pt. Loma.
Succulent(and a few cactus) composition, new install, with emphasis on foliage colors. At least half the plants in this composition are native to southern Africa and Madagascar, and the remainder being native to Mexico/Central America. 30 different taxa(species and varieties) are used. The intent is for the plants to, for the most part, grow-in to filling and touching each other throughout the entire planting area, within a few years. 2013, about a mile south of SDSU.
Same place as in photo 13, from other corner perspective. New install.
Plants used are: Aloe striata x maculata hybrid, Agave celsii albicans 'UCB', Agave 'Joe Hoak', Agave titanota, Aeonium 'Sunburst', Aeonium 'Jack Catlin', Beaucarnea recurvata, Cyphostemma juttae, Crassula pubescens radicans, Crassula 'campfire', Crassula ovata 'sunset', Crassula ovata 'variegata', Cleistocactus strausii, Cotyledon orbiculata 'white ears', Euphorbia milii 'pink', Euphorbia milii 'variegata', Echevaria 'frosty', Echinocactus grusonii, Graptopetalum paraguayense, Graptopetalum pentandrum superbum, Kalanchoe luciae/thyrsiflora, Kalanchoe marmorata 'blue shells', Mammilaria parkinsonii, Pachypodium lamerei 'ramosum', Plumeria rubra 'kauka', Portulacaria afra 'variegata', Sedum nussbaumerianum 'orange' and 'yellow', Senecio mandraliscae, Senecio serpens.
Summer 2009 photo, near Morley Field, yard section, designed/installed Summer 2007. Regular Papyrus(Cyperus papyrus) with the pom poms, variegated Society Garlic(Tulbaghia violacea) at base, Dymondia groundcover at base, Calla Lily(Zantedeschia) at base, and some red Impatiens at base too. Iochroma cyaneum 'Indigo'(purple narrow tubular flowers) at far right end. Irrigation by sprays on pop-ups, pre-existing.
In Coronado Cays. Intent is to make a fairly simply arranged succulent and cactus landscape. Notice the separate plant groupings are African(aloes, crassula, euphorbia(out of picture), and American(cactus, agave, palo verde).
Bed in foreground with: Aloe plicatillis, like a little 'tree'. Aloe 'Blue Elf' on left and right of picture. Aloe brevifolia behind(forward in photo) center of plicatillis. Dudleya hassei on both sides of brevifolia. Aloe 'Donnie' on left and right, other side of boulders, one per boulder. Crassula falcata also other side of boulders, left and right, one per boulder(only a leaf-bit of left-one visible in this photo).
All rock materials, - decomposed granite, gravel, boulders -, are Palm Springs Gold from KRC Rock. The d.g. was used to make the mounds; 3/8" rock is about 1" deep; and then the boulders. Plants were planted a bit high, as appropriate, to allow for the 3/8" rock to cover the rootball surfaces.
Irrigation is by micro-stream and micro-spray adjustable emitters, 360° and 180°.
Note: This planting was planted in fall of 2009. No more irrigation is necessary, except maybe a bit on the Aloe 'donnie' very infrequently, maybe a few times at the most per summer. Watering the A. plicatillis during the warm season could cause it do poorly or rot.
Background in photo 16. Golden barrel cactus and white barrel cactus center area (an especially golden variety, and a white variety, of the species); upright Mammilaria spinosissima at front boulders; Agave parryi 'huachucensis' on right, Agave parryi 'truncata' smaller behind middle boulder; Mammilaria geminispina 'Super Clone' at boulders on right distance; Mammilaria geminispina clump, slightly right of Ag. huac., in line of sight, mostly blocked from sight in this photo, better seen in photo 21; Aloe 'Blue Elf' at right and left sides of photo; Aloe nobilis by A. 'Blue Elf' at left. Aloe dichotoma in center. Euphorbia 'Firesticks' in right distance. Irrigation is by micro-stream adjustable emitters and microspray adjustable emitters: 360° and 180° with both the micro-streams and the micro-sprays depending on position of the individual emitters. April, 2010.
Note: This was planted in 2009, and they no longer need any irrigation, given the location, the moisture holding ability of the soil, the rock mulch further reducing soil evaporation, and their innate low water needs. Irrigation during the warm half of the year on Aloe dichotoma could cause it to rot or do poorly.
South side corridor planting, same property as photos 16 &17, shaded for the most part, and entirely for much of it.
Nestled by the house on the left are Sansevieria schweinfurthia, and along the wall on the right are Sansevieria trifasciata, and two tall-ish clumps of Dracaena marginita, - one clump further down the corridor, essentially out of view. Irrigation: two 1gph emitters per S. schw., two 2gph emitters per S. tri., three 2gph emitters per Dracaena, and an additional 180° stream emitter per Dracaena on a separate zone run time that would water every week or two, depending on the weather. The Sansevierias were only watered once initially, then a couple times during the first summer after planting, and basically never again, except for rain, and, the light to moderate seepage that 'drifts' over from the neighbor.
Right-side photo of Phlebodium(Polypodium) aureum 'blue dwarf', and red-flowered Malvaviscus. Left photo of a little wall-planter garden with Microlepia strigosa ferns and a mixture of flowers and color: Violas, Hypoestes(polka dot plant), Cyclamen, variegated English Ivy, Pink Clover(Persicaria capitata). Watered by non-adjustable mini-sprays on 1/4" tube risers inserted into 1/2" blank tubing. November 2009.
Ferny woodland garden. Blechnum occidentale in foreground, Polypodium aureum 'blue dwarf' scattered in background. Reddish colors by Fuchsia tryphalla on left, Acalypha in center, Malvaviscus arboreus in far background to right, Hypoestes(also white on right). All beneath a mini -forest of Pyrus kawakamii, Citrus Orange, Hachiya Persimmon, Magnolia grandiflora, and Ficus carica Fig. Irrigation is by both Rainbird spray knozzles on risers, popups, and then stationary non-adjustable micro sprays on 1/2" blank tubing, raised by 1/4" stiff tubing. November 2009.
New install. Previously a bare side yard, with vestige of Bermuda grass lawn and Eugenia hedge along the fence. Now composed of: Bambusa textilis gracilis at right, Dymondia for groundcover, Phlebodium pseudoaureum - blue fern', also one tiny Neoregelia 'variegated Fireball' and a couple Neo. red 'Fireball' too young-small to notice in photo, by the boulders. Pavers are 24"x36"x2", 18"x24"x2", and 24"x24"x2". Blue 1"-2" Mexican Beach Pebble along house. 2013, Pt. Loma.
Different angle, same property as photos 16 through 18. Crassula falcata and Aloe 'Donnie' forward of rocks, Aloe 'Blue Elf' at far right and left of rocks, Aloe plicatilis 'tree' in middle, Aloe brevifolia behind A. plic., Dudleya hassei on both sides of A. brev. (all not really visible in this photo). All rock, including decomposed granite soil beneath to soil level is 'Palm Springs Gold' from KRC Rock in Lakeside. Installed fall 2009. No watering besides rainfall, except limited in first year after planting. A. plicatillis should have no watering during dry season, otherwise it doesn't do so well or rots.
Cottage floral garden 'hummingbird-buffet' of tubular shaped flowers, with Lobelia laxiflora at left, Leonotus leonurus at right, Tree Tobacco(Nicotiana glauca) at right front, red-raceme flowered Salvia at right, Tagetes lemmonii(Mexican Marigold) at right at far end, Cat's Claw vine over arbor and up dwelling. A year and a half after installation, 2009. Drip emitters, 2gph, on blank tubing is the primary watering method, with occasional supplemental hand watering.
Same place as photos 10 and 11, two years prior, early Spring 2010. The pink Raphiolepis and variegated Pittosporum together are meant to have a 'neopolitan' ice cream color combo effect, - pink-whitish-yellowish-dark.
Low floral cottage garden / herbaceous perennials dominated by Gazania groundcover as per client preference. Most plants on the semi-drought tolerant side of ability(though Arctotis 'zinfandel' isn't so tough), San Carlos neighborhood, Cowles Mountain in background. Installed in 2007/2008, photo Spring 2010. Salvia canariensis at left. Gaura in foreground and some elsewhere. Gazania main groundcover. Other plants in photo, some not readily identifiable in photo though, are Salvia greggii, Arctotis 'zinfandel', Mexican Primrose(pink flower, Oenothera), Salvia leucantha, Zauschneria/Epilobium, Penstemon centranthifolius, Arcostaphylos(Manzanita) 'Dr. Hurd', Arctostaphylos 'Ian Bush', Asclepias tuberosa(butterfly weed), Lavender, Calystegia macrostegia 'Anacapa Pink' (SoCaL native, Anacapa Island strain), Salvia clevelandii, Centranthus, Yarrow(Achillea) 'Moonshine', Salvia chamaedryoides, Macfadyena unguis cati(vine over arbor entry)... Watering is by drip emitters installed on blank 1/2" tubing beneath shredded wood mulch; also, occasional broadcast hand watering is done.
Close up showing Salvia canariensis(purplish), yellow flowered silver-leaved Gazania groundcover, and red flowered Salvia greggi(at left along house, flowers too small to show in the photo), yellow flowered 'Moonshine' Yarrow at right, yellow flowered Calylophus left of Yarrow, and miscellaneous other plants in background, including Gaura, Salvia greggi, and more.
Glaucous-scape, with a few red accents, mostly composed of South African plants. Intended as a very durable, low water use, low maintenance, relatively simple and low budget, moonscape/cloudscape/glaucous-scape that distinctively connects with the white and blue of the house. Plants listed in Photo 31. Surface material is the greyish manufactured sand from Gravel'nGrit, and, the salt & pepper boulders are from Alpine Rock and Block, both in Lakeside(not Alpine). Irrigation is by subsurface drip using the new coppershield dripline from Rainbird, which allows for infrequent irrigation due to the copper shielding of the emitters which repels root intrusion, rather than by water super-saturation by frequent irrigation such as daily or every other day as generally required with other makes for root repellancy at the emitter. However, except for the palm tree, and the initial irrigation soakings, the rest of the plants will rarely be watered for the rest of their life, because they are so drought tolerant, in addition to the mulching effect of the manufactured sand which greatly helps in retaining moisture from substantial rainfall or occasional hand watering. If the succulents might ever appear to get too dry during Summer-Fall, they'll get watered by shower-watering with a hand held hose. The cycads will be given more water through the dry season, maybe once every two weeks, for faster growth. Because Aloe dichotoma ssp. ramosissima is in the succulent irrigation zone, that zone will not be watered by the irrigation system during the warm half of the year due to ease of succumbing to rot and hence death in warm moist soils. Only if there is very minimal rainfall during winter would the irrigation system for that zone be turned on in late winter to early spring, no more than once, for about an hour and a half, and only for the purpose of boosting rate of growth, since the plants will survive anyway. Typically if the succulents get more water than needed they can sometimes grow gawkily and become less intensely colored in the white and red tones. Some succulents can tolerate a fair amount of warm season watering, some succulents don't tolerate as much.
Showing the grade level and dripline tubing before putting down the DG-like grey manufactured sand, which is added to about 2 inches thick as shown in Photo 28, and resembles decomposed granite in texture. Pinkish cover pots are for covering a flush valve(front), and both the flush valve and an air relief valve(ARV) in the one by the palm(this one is raised higher for the ARV to function properly, since the ARV needs to be higher than any of the emitters in it's zone to work properly). The pinkish cover pots were chosen because they go best with the glaucous blue, white, silvery colors, compared to the other options available of green or black cover pots. This front yard area has two watering zones / two irrigation valve zones. One for the palm, and one for the rest of the plants. Also, the landscape lighting wire can be seen in the foreground going alongside nearby the dripline.
Photo below shows white and whitish green flat and cylindrical leaved forms of Cotyledon orbiculata, red-leaved Kalanchoe luciae(it is most red and slower growing with minimal moisture, meaning rarely ever water it), and a green leaved Aloe cameronii at left.
With Aloe dichotoma ramosissima, Kalanchoe beharensis, and Senecio mandraliscae(blue iceplant). These plants will only receive natural rainfall and some possible hand water showering on rare occasion otherwise the Aloe d. r. could die, especially if it gets a soaking of water during the warm half of the year due to intolerance of moist warm soil. It's native seasonal rainfall occurs in winter. However, some infrequent shower watering by hand held hose is acceptable if it's just a moderate soaking to the non Kalanchoe and Senecio for keeping up plumper/fresher appearances, and the Aloe can tolerate some infrequent lighter shower hand watering. Rains in winter can take care of the deeper soaking. If there's not much rain, then it can be okay to have the irrigation system on once in late winter for, say, an hour or less, but wouldn't be necessary, but can help freshen up appearances and make for more growth (again, the system is 0.61gph with emitters at 18" intervals, and it's looped around the planting bed for a full distribution.
Cotyledon orbiculata of both white lady fingers type and white round leaf type, red leaf Kalanchoe luciae, Encephalartos horridus - cycad, Bismarckia nobilis - palm, red-leaf Aloe cameronii, Crassula arborescens, Aloe d. r. and Kalanchoe beharensis.
Makeover new design-install, front of house is north side of house and overhang shade, composed of seedling Nandina(Heavenly Bamboo), bedding Begonias, Richmondensis Begonias, Hemerocallis Daylilies in the rouge range of colors, Clivia in center which was already present in yard, Blechnum occidentale fern for its pinkish new growth, - at inner bases of posts and sides of Clivia, Liriope gigantea at forward side of post bases, and Arizona Coral river rock, from KRC Rock, to moderate the rainfall runoff from the roof. Irrigation is micro-streams on 1/4" tubing coming from blank 1/2" drip tubing. Shredded wood-bark mulch from Walter Andersen Nursery. Bonita, January 2011.
Previously a pool, converted to a rose garden. Pool was filled with dirt by another contractor. And I did the rest of the work, including path design, pink DG, and mulch. Same yard as photos 34-37.
New design-install, the roses are planted bareroot with nursery plants and with bigger container grown plants already growing at the property for some years. The pathways are made of pink decomposed granite, from KRC Rock, a few inches in height and about 20 inches in width. The irrigation is with 1/4" tubing circles with 10 emitters each at 6" intervals with emission rate of about 0.5gph, so about 5gallons per hour per 10 emitters. Each 'circle' is connected by a blank 1/4" tube that connects to the bland 1/2 drip tubing which is along the entire perimeter. Valve is next to house.
Shredded wood-bark mulch from Walter Andersen Nursery.
Makeover / new design-install, front north facing side of house: big Camellia already present though newly groomed, three more camellias added, one of them in small space to at left, two Azaleas at each end on right, Clivias already existing on right side though with some redistribution, the other plants in both sections are a mix of Blechnum occidentale fern, Maidenhair fern - Adiantum capillus-veneris, angel wing Begonias of pink and red variaties, yellow Impatiens, regular mixed impations, and yellow leaved Aucuba. Irrigation is with Rainbird XPCN nozzles along house. Shredded wood-bark mulch from Walter Andersen Nursery. La Jolla, July 2011.
In the box planter there is Aspidistra elatior at sides, Aucuba center, with both magenta and white Impatiens forward.
Arbutus unedo tree already present at right.
Intended as a rustic-naturalistic 'cottage garden' composition, composed of a select group of plants native to the Southern California Coastal Floristic Province which extends from Santa Barbara county to Central Baja/Cedros Island, with many being native to the islands within this range. More photos can be seen by clicking on 'SoCaL Nativescapes Photos' on the 'AddNames' page
Spring time is the main 'show time', though with adequate rains it can begin to take on a full character by early winter, and carry on a varying good show through mid to late summer. Fall time is a relatively dormant 'down time'. Part of 'the show' is from annual plants and fresh-n-floral growth flushes, which get cut down in fall as they go dry or get tattered.
The palm is Brahea edulis, which is endemic(native only to) to Guadalupe Island, which is about 220 miles southwest of this location which is in Pt. Loma. The rest of the plants in this plantscape are the following(though not all evident in the photos):
Yellow flowers in front of left photo are Camissonia bistorta, aka 'foothill suncup'.
Island endemics: Ceanothous arboreus, Dendromecon harfordii, Epilobium 'Catalina', Eriogonum arborescens, Eriogonum giganteum, Eriogonum grande rubescens, Galvezia speciosa(glabrous and tomentose), Lavatera assurgentiflora(and subspecies glabra also), Leymus condensatus 'canyon prince', Perityle incana, Verbena lilacina.
Both islands and mainland natives: Calystegia macrostegia ssp. macrostegia, Camissonia cheiranthifolia, Constancea nevinii, Cucurbita foetidissima, Datura wrightii, Diplacus puniceus, Dudleya brittonii, Dudleya pulverulenta, Encelia californica, Heteromeles arbutifolia, Isomeris arborea, Keckiella cordifolia, Marah macrocarpus, Mirabilis laevis/californica, Prunus lyonii.
Mainland only: Calystegia macrostegia ssp. arida, Camissonia bistorta, Comarostaphylis diversifolia ssp. diversifolia, Dendromecon rigida, Dudleya pulverulenta, Eriodictyon crassifolium ssp. crassifolium, Penstemon centranthifolius.
Planted over the course of May 2011 through June 2012. Photos, spring 2012.
Photo below shows:
Dudleya brittonii in front, Dendromecon harfordii(island bush poppy) yellow flowers behind Dudleya and right back, Camissonia bistorta(foothill suncup) - the other yellow flowers, Mimulus aurantiacus red flowers behind front Dendromecon, Eriodictyon crassifolium behind Mimulus, Eriogonum giganteum at left in pre-bloom bud stage, Calystegia macrostegia ssp. arida below the Eriogonum, Leymus 'canyon prince' (blue wild rye) at right, Mirabilis laevis, bush form from north Baja, at left diagonal behind of forward blue wild rye.
Glaucous cottage-scape(blues-greys-whites-lavenders), young planting, some plants planted in fall 2010, others planted in spring 2012, with Matilija Poppy immediately in front of house left front, blue Elymus 'Canyon Prince' grass, Blue Fescue, Limonium ramosissimum(mostly), Limonium sinuatum(one), Limonium perezii(a few), Cliff Schmidt Ceanothus at left by Matilija, Carpenteria californica not noticeable on both sides of front of house, Salvia 'pozo blue', Iceberg bush roses, Eriogonum arborescens, Eriogonum giganteum, Lessingia 'Silver Carpet', pink flowered Lavender, and soon to be added Calystegia 'Anacapa Pink'(california morning glory species). 'Grey/Blue DG' in parkway and stepping 'rounds' is 'manufactured sand', from GravelnGrit(in Lakeside). Big tree in parkway is an Ash tree, which is very competitive for moisture, along with the neighbors Brazilian pepper tree, in distance. Collaborative design of Clayton Tschudy, Scott Jones(that's me), and Linda & Nicky(owners). In south Kensington, spring 2012.
New design-install in San Carlos neighborhood, summer 2012, near Cowles Mtn., - though with the olive tree in middle and pyracantha screen at right previously existing. The space was previously a lawn. The main area is planted with very young plants of Eriogonum giganteum, Leymus condensatus 'canyon prince', Epilobium canum 'catalina' and 'plain' canum species, Eriogonum arborescens, Constancea nevinii, and Camissonia bistorta. Plantscape/landscape of main area chosen as a cottage floral character, to go with the already existing woodsy(old olive and pyrachantha) elements. So, in sum, it could be called a woodsy cottage floral landscape.
Foundational planters have Comarostaphylis diversifolia. ssp. div., Venegasia carp., Keckiella cordifolia, Galvezia speciosa, Satureja chandleri, and non-native fern Dryopteris erythrosora(native to east Asia) which is used to mimic the locally native but commercially unavailable Dryopteris arguta. (And just think, though a bit of a stretch for biological parallelism, First Nation Native Americans came from east Asia).
The cobble stones at the base of the Olive tree are from digging out of the ground for the irrigation system and planting plants. Desert Gold decomposed granite is used for the raised pathways(from RCP Rock) with Autumn Gold flagstone(from KRC Rock) settled halfway into the DG. The DG is about four inches higher than the base soil level. The mulch is from the Miramar Dump, it's composed of random tree trimmings mainly composed of 1/2" diameter by a few inches long and smaller plant pieces/particles.
Showing drip system just before it was nestled into the soil such that the tubing was mostly, but not entirely submerged into the soil, showing just a little of the top contour, and then the mulch was applied, as shown in the previous photo. Green 'pot' at right is a flush pot for the drip system(has a manual 'on/off' valve inside). Also a spray system was installed prior to the drip layout(8' VAN nozzles). The idea is, because of the pre-existing olive tree and Pyracantha screen(at right), that there's significant root competition and so the drip system allows for a more focused and deeper water application to the newly installed plants early on, so that less water is used in getting good water depth penetration around the rootballs. The drip line is 1/4" line with 0.6gph(average) emitters at 6" intervals, with 10 to 13 emitters per plant(19" to 24" diameter), in a circle around the plant; 1/4" blank line is used to connect the drip line to the 1/2" blank line.
The two irrigation systems will be used interchangeably, overlapping in use with each other. After the first week, every 3 days by spray, and every two weeks with the drip from the first watering which was by drip. The drip is only used on the 'lawn' area, not the brick planters. The drip system might not be used beyond a year or two after planting. But ongoing dry season irrigation, - with the spray system most likely - , will be done every year during the dry season, probably averaging once per week during the dry season, and enough to saturate the soil down a few inches; but that remains to be seen as to the degree of competition with the olive tree and pyracantha screen and the resulting performance of the native plants. Another possibility is that the drip line circles might be expanded, i.e. additional drip-line would be added to each circle to enlarge the circles' diameter to get the water further away from the root-trunk crown interface area. Many dry-land natives generally prefer peripheral water access during the dry season, if they receive water during the dry season,... which is generally only had in a domesticated/human situation,... just to mention. Human ingenuity can optimize plant performance for human purposes, such as with dry-season aesthetics, - some dry season adapted plants can be made to maintain more fresh growth and blooming with dry season watering, otherwise many or most of these sorts of plants go 'dry dormant' which with some plants of the type is typically not seen as attractive by human standards,.... but some plant types do look attractive in their dry dormant state also.
Allied Gardens neighborhood, summer 2012, a few months after installation, showing an entry way with south sunny exposure and north facing shady exposure. Using Hypolepis punctata fern on the sunny side, with Dypsis lutescens palm on both sides, Polypodium(Phlebodium) aureum fern on shady side. Some Viola odorata is at groundlevel on both sides.
Showing front side of entry, with same three main plants as in photo 52. Phlebodium fern is between the Dypsis palm and Hypolepis fern, since the Hypolepis does better with more sun than the Phlebodium. Not easily visible in the photo is the fern Davalia trichomanoides at ground level on both sides of the Dypsis palm.
Showing Hypolepis fern, with Phlebodium fern and Davalia fern(right) in forward part of planter. Accompanying plants are Strelitzea reginae(bush bird of paradise) in middle of fern planting, and Cycas revoluta at left, which was a thicket of leaves and pups, which I majorly thinned out to a only five leaf-bud-rosettes. Each of the ferns are spreaders. The Davalia fern is the low spreader. Of course some growth management and grooming will be done for best appearance, especially with the Hypolepis fern, but it's easy infrequent maintenance. Davalia ferns are on both sides, at ground level, nearest to the bird of paradise. These ferns like some water every week.
New design-install, September 2012, of a relatively minimalist composition, but with very substantial growth development to occur as the plants grow through the years, and after a first season of weeding, will likely include the use of regionally native bulb or corm plants.
Composed of already existing decades old Liquidambar trees at right back(which will be trimmed each June to keep in check, to minimize competition while still having a nice presence), and young plants of Dr. Hurd Manzanita, Del Mar Manzanita, Lester Rowntree Manzanita, Comarostaphylis diversifoila ssp. div., Lemonade Berry, San Diego/flat-top Buckwheat, Stipa lepida(grass), Epilobium californicum, and Juncus patens (rush). No irrigation system, just occasional hand watering is intended.
The intent with the soil contours and swales is to collect rainfall, and run-off from the adjacent concrete, and not have run-off from the property, in order to maximize use of rainfall within the landscape. A rain gutter will be put along the front of the house roof-eve, with the drainage shaft being at the right side corner of the house and will have an outlet at the beginning of the dry creek. Heavy rainfalls will then have water focused on going down the creek bed and into the creek end-pond-basin, which is at center within the space of the largest boulders.
Photo below in July 2013, ten months later, showing the Epilobium and San Diego bush buckwheat in full bloom. Great red and white combo, where the Epilobium is planted in the lower elevation water catchment portions and the Buckwheat in the upper elevation portions. Owners have done some hand watering by hose since installation 'occasionally'. Green grass-like clump in front at right is Juncus effusus.
Entrance to Southwest Boulder(for your rock, dirt, and paving supplies), east Pacific Beach/Bay Ho area. Rock-creek work by Advanced Waterscapes. New install. I did the plantscape composition, with all local regional natives, which are the following: Eriogonum fasciculatum(local buckwheat bush/San Diego/flat-top buckwheat bush), Laural Sumac, Toyon, Lemonade Berry, Jojoba, Epilobium canum, Bergerocactus emoryi, Dudleya edulis, Dudleya lanceolata, Dudleya brittonii(northern Baja Norte native, nearly the same habitat community as San Diego; the only one not native to San Diego used in the composition not counting the pre-existing Aleppo pines and iceplant in background). Photo below is of Bergerocactus emoryi and Dudleya brittonii, - a super duo matchup. Also, as an artistic aside of concept, think of their use together as conveying a theme of 'The Jewel', a nominal theme I'm just making up in concept,.... with inspiration coming from their potential use in particular yet to be built native plantscapes in La Jolla.
Newly installed courtyard. Collaborative design of Property Owner, Nathan Smith, and Scott Jones(that's me). Planted with Acacia podalyriifolia at right(my recommend), Pittosporum undulatum(pre-existing) hedge in back, Sedum 'Angeline' with Aeonium 'Cylcops' and Aeonium 'Kiwi' at right(change of my recommend), Lomandra at mid-right, Euphorbia characias ssp. wulfenii at mid-right, Phlebodium pseudoaureum blue dwarf fern(my recommend) below-front of Pittosporum hedge, Blue Fescue amongst the fern and the Euphorbia, Vitex trifoliata 'purpurea' back center with Sedum 'Blue Spruce' amongst them, and Echevaria 'After Glow' at left with one Lomandra in their midst. Blue decomposed granite patio in middle and 'Storm Mountain' flagstone both from Southwest Boulder. Steel border edging from Ewing Irrigation. Carex praegracilis lawn planted from 2" plugs at 6" square spacing. Point Loma, 2013.
Just one month later,... dry winter-spring,... late May 2013, same place as in earlier photos.